Africa

Senegalese lawmakers draw up chilling new law for LGBT+ people and allies: ‘Democracy is in danger’

Josh Milton December 17, 2021
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A woman in Senegal holds a sign reading 'LGBT is a threat for humanity' during a protest called by religious associations against homosexuality in 2021

A woman holds a sign reading 'LGBT is a threat for humanity' during a protest called by religious associations against homosexuality in 2021. (SEYLLOU/AFP via Getty Images)

Anti-LGBT+ lawmakers in Senegal are seeking to toughen the west African nation’s already horrific repression of queer citizens.

A bloc of National Assembly members have drafted a bill that would lengthen potential jail terms for those convicted of same-sex acts.

The penalty is already up to five years imprisonment for “acts against nature” – but lawmakers hope to stretch this out to a decade, they announced Monday (13 December).

And in disturbing parallels to Ghana, lawmakers even hope to make simply advocating for LGBT+ a punishable offence, 76 Crimes reported.

People who write, speak or finance any form of advocacy in favour of queer rights could face three-to-five years in prison and a fine of CFA500,000 to five million.

The chilling proposals could also place crosshairs on intersex people, too. Lawmakers wish to criminalise “intersexuality” with up to 10 years in jail.

Supporters for the bill grossly consider being intersex – folk born with sex characteristics that don’t fit neatly into the typical binary – as “being adept at all imaginable sexual orgies”.

The proposals seek to plug the apparent gaps in the country’s laws by comparing LGBT+ people to “bestiality, necrophilia and other related practices”.

According to grassroots activists, the law has been in the pipeline for the last two years, fuelled by anti-LGBT+ lobbying collective Ànd Sàmm Djikko Yi.

Senegal activists recoil in horror at ‘freedom-killing’ anti-LGBT+ bill

Alioune Souaré, an assembly deputy and legal expert who helped draft the bill, told Reuters that he and other lawmakers hope to present the proposal to parliament “before the end of the week”.

Souaré is joined by Ababacar Mboup, Mamadou Lamine Diallo and Moustapha Guirassy in forming the “Say No To Homosexuality Alliance”.

While it remains unclear if the bill would shore up any support, local activists have reached with an uneasy mixture of horror and a lack of surprise to the effort to double prison time for LGBT+ people.

“When individual freedoms, in particular the most sacred – privacy between consenting adults – are attacked, then there is little time left to realise that democracy is in danger,” queer activist Djamil Bangoura told the news wire.

President of Senegal Macky Sall addresses the 76th session of the UN General Assembly. (John Angelillo – Pool/Getty Images)

The Freedom Collective of Senegal dubbed the legislation the “freedom-killing bill” in a statement to the press.

“Homosexuality has always existed in Senegal, as it has everywhere else, and LGBTI people are a full-fledged component of Senegalese society that has the right to respect, just like everyone else,” they wrote.

To Rightify Ghana, one of Ghana’s top LGBT+ rights, Senegal’s anti-queer bill bears the signature of Ghana’s own.

Ghana’s bill, which would similarly outlaw being an ally, among other haunting offences, has provided other African nations with a blueprint to further criminalise being LGBT+.

“Ghana is considered one of the more stable countries in West Africa since its transition to multi-party democracy in 1992,” the group said in a statement to PinkNews.

“Ghana consequently enjoys significant influence in West Africa and is highly integrated in international affairs.

“Ideally, African countries learn from each other, but on specific issues, they look up to Ghana because of how the country has positioned itself on the continent and globally.

“So, to have a far-reaching anti-LGBTQ bill coming from Ghana, was just the motivation and example that homophobic individuals and groups in other African countries needed.

“This is because what happens in Ghana can influence politics and policies in other countries.”

In Senegal, the president vows to never legalise homosexuality 

For years, views held by both the public and politicians and presidents alike have not been thawed in Senegal when it comes to LGBT+ issues.

“Never, under my authority, will homosexuality be legalised in the Senegalese lands,” said president Macky Sall in 2016.

With article 319 of Senegal’s Penal Code looming, arrests of LGBT+ people has risen sharply, according to a 2020 report by the International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association.

Since 2010, local activists have sought to raise the alarms over an upswing in arrests, many of which go unreported. The police’s high-handed arrests, they said, have fuelled a climate of fear for LGBT+ Senegalese.

The country has been met with bruising words by the United Nation’s Human Rights Committee, with the body repeatedly recommending in Universal Period Reviews that the country decriminalise homosexuality.

It is a country, the IGLA said, where “homophobic mobs” regularly tear through towns and president Sall called for LGBT+ people to be “hunted” during the 2019 presidential elections.

But such a crackdown is nothing new, local advocacy group Arc-en-Ciel warned in the report. They have ripped through the country for years and swelled in 2018 – at least 36 gay men were arrested last year alone, IGLA found.

 

More: Africa, intersex, senegal

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