Sydney, Australia

A community-funded memorial to gay and lesbian victims of the Holocaust was opened in Sydney in 2001.

It is located in Darlinghurst – the city’s gay district – and is managed by the Sydney Pride Centre.

Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Amsterdam was one of the first countries in the world to dedicate a memorial to gay victims of the Holocaust, with the 1987 Homomonument.

One corner of the triangle points towards the National War Memorial on Dam Square, one points to the house of Anne Frank, and the third to the headquarters of COC Nederland – a gay rights group founded in 1946.

San Francisco, California, United States

At the heart of the Castro District – where gay Jewish hero Harvey Milk was elected and assassinated, in 1978 – Pink Triangle Park sits as a memorial to the thousands of persecuted homosexuals in Nazi Germany during the Holocaust.

Fifteen granite columns stand in the park – one for every thousand gays and lesbians known to have died in the Holocaust.

Sitges, Catalonia, Spain

The town of Sitges unveiled a Pink Triangle monument in 2006, as a symbol of its stance against homophobia.

Though it takes the shape of a pink triangle, the inscription does not reference the Holocaust. It commemorates 10 years since the 1996 uprisings in the town, which saw bitter confrontations between gay activists and police.